Listed Buildings and Registered Parks & Gardens
A "Listed Building" is a building which has been recognised formally for its “special architectural or historic interest”.
There are almost 2,500 listed buildings on the Isle of Wight with a rich variety of architectural styles ranging from the simple vernacular cottages (built from local materials) to grand Regency town houses and not forgetting the Victorian splendour. Structures such as bridges, memorials, telephone kiosks and gravestones are also included under the term listed buildings as are buildings or structures within the curtilage of a listed building.
Buildings are listed for a number of different reasons including for their:
- Architectural interest.
- Historic interest.
- Close Historical Associations with nationally important people/events.
- Group Value (e.g. terraces).
Grading of Listed Buildings
Listed buildings are graded to show their importance:
- Grade I buildings are those of exceptional interest.
- Grade II* (star) are particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
- Grade II are of special interest, warranting every effort to preserve them. Most listed buildings on the island fall into this grade, and range from large public buildings to small cottages and some telephone kiosks.
All grades are nationally important and should therefore be equally protected. Listing refers to the entire building including the interior, rear elevations, curtilage structures and boundary walls.
To find out more information about listed buildings, please click here. Alternatively further information can be found on the Historic England website or by viewing the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). Please note the FAQs refer to listed buildings and conservation areas so you may need to scroll down to find the relevant question.
Register of Parks & Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England
There are 9 ‘Registered Parks and Gardens’ on the Isle of Wight (listed below in no particular order) ranging from the formal landscape of Queen Victoria’s Osborne House to the grounds laid out to accompany the National Cottage Hospital for Consumption and Diseases of the Chest (today known as Ventnor Botanic Gardens). Parks and Gardens are graded I, II* or II to show their importance with grade I being most significant.
Sites are included on ‘The Register’ because of their historic and landscape value and there is an emphasis on 'designed' landscapes, rather than on planting or botanical importance. Sites will typically fall under one of four categories i.e. Rural, Urban, Landscapes of Remembrance & Institutional Landscapes.
Registration is a material consideration in planning terms so, following an application for development which would affect a registered park or garden, the local planning authority must take into account the historic interest of the site when determining whether or not to grant permission.
To find out more information about Registered Parks & Gardens please visit the Historic England website. The council’s interactive Online Maps will show their location.
Sites: Norris Castle is grade I listed, Osborne grade II* listed and Appuldurcombe, Northcourt, Nunwell, Swainston, Ventnor Botanic Garden, Westover and Woodlands Vale are all grade II listed.