Housing Enforcement

Hazards in the home

This information will help tenants, owners, landlords, contractors and any other interested person to understand the hazards that may exist in the home environment.

It is based on the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS). The system is a risk-based evaluation tool to help us identify and protect against potential risks and hazards to health and safety from any deficiencies identified in homes. It was introduced under the Housing Act 2004 and applies to residential properties in England and Wales. This assessment method focuses on the hazards that are present in housing and is able to prioritise high and low risk issues to identify significant hazards.

We have produced an housing standards information leaflet which explains how we process tenant enquiries for housing standards. It also offers guidance on resolving matters yourself.

The following organisations can also provide help and advice:

Commonly found issues

The list below provides details of commonly found issues. You can find more specific advice on these hazards and problems in the home in appendix three of the HHSRS guidance. This can provide help to tenants and landlords to resolve any issues quickly and easily.

  • Hygrothermal conditions
    • Damp and mould growth
    • Excess cold
    • Excess heat
  • Pollutants (non-microbial)
    • Asbestos and Manufactured Mineral Fibres (MMF)
    • Biocides
    • Carbon Monoxide and fuel combustion products
    • Lead
    • Radiation
    • Uncombusted fuel gas
    • Volatile organic compounds
  • Psychological Requirements
    • Crowding and space
    • Entry by intruders
    • Lighting
    • Noise
  • Protection against infection
    • Domestic hygiene, pests and refuse
    • Food safety
    • Personal hygiene, sanitation and drainage
    • Water supply
  • Protection against accidents
    • Falls associated with baths
    • Falls on the level surfaces
    • Falls associated with stairs and steps
    • Falls between levels
  • Electric shocks, fires, burns and scalds
    • Electrical hazards
    • Fire
  • Collisions, cuts and strains
    • Collision and entrapment
    • Explosions
    • Ergonomics
    • Structural collapse and falling elements